Publications

We produce or support our clients to produce a broad range of publications in our areas of work. Our publications are a great source of information on modern slavery and its various forms (human trafficking, forced labour, child labour, sex trafficking, among others) around the world.

HRC’s publications reflect what we have achieved as a growing social enterprise and what we envision to end modern slavery, globally. Discover our latest reports below.

詐騙園區中的現代奴役

September 2022

詐騙園區中的現代奴役,正以前所未見的規模與嚴重程度,以組織犯罪的形式出現。保守估計,目前約有數以萬計的受害者被囚禁於詐騙園區中。收到詐騙訊息已經成為現代人的日常,而這種日常生活中的不舒服,實際上可能源自於一種惡性、新形的現代奴役。由於這些詐騙活動皆在網路上發生,詐騙犯和奴隸主可以輕易將他們的業務從一國轉移到另一國,使得實際逮補犯罪分子、突襲與救援變得非常困難。迫切需要政府與非政府組織有系統的合作,來根治這種犯罪。

HRC Briefing: Cyber Slavery in the Scamming Compounds

September 2022

Cyber slavery is emerging as a form of organised crime of unprecedented severity and scale. Conservative estimates suggest that tens of thousands of victims are held captive in scamming compounds. While getting spammed with fraudulent messages is now an everyday occurrence, this inconvenience may actually be rooted in a malignant new form of modern slavery. As the scamming activities operate virtually, those running the rackets can easily shift their operations from one country to another. This makes it extremely hard to combat the crime by physically arresting the criminals (e.g. raid and rescue). We urgently need a systemic and coordinated approach from governments and NGOs.

Determinants of Anti-Trafficking Efforts – Case Study: Algeria

June 2022

This case study on Algeria is published as part of the ‘Determinants of Anti-Trafficking Efforts’ Project. The project assesses the links and sequencing of specific factors that have yielded improved
political will and capacity in national governments to address trafficking in persons and which have led to sustained and comprehensive anti-trafficking efforts. Through a multipronged approach, this project will conduct a review/meta-analysis of the current research and contribute a new data-set through expert interviews, a first of its kind global survey and a series of 14 case studies.

Determinants of Anti-Trafficking Efforts – Case Study: Bahrain

June 2022

This case study on Bahrain is published as part of the ‘Determinants of Anti-Trafficking Efforts’ Project. The project assesses the links and sequencing of specific factors that have yielded improved
political will and capacity in national governments to address trafficking in persons and which have led to sustained and comprehensive anti-trafficking efforts. Through a multipronged approach, this project will conduct a review/meta-analysis of the current research and contribute a new data-set through expert interviews, a first of its kind global survey and a series of 14 case studies.

 Cambodia’s Covid-19 Response and Migrant Workers

April 2022

As in many Southeast Asian countries, the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic and policies to limit its spread greatly disrupted Cambodia’s economy. Workers in Cambodia overwhelmingly operate in the informal sector and remittances from migrant workers abroad constitute a significant portion of the country’s overall gross domestic product.

This briefing examines Cambodia’s Covid-19 response to highlight how knock-on effects have disproportionately impacted vulnerable migrants and informal domestic workers, including human-trafficking survivors. The government should provide social support to these vulnerable groups. Future efforts to manage Covid-19 must consider how they will affect the most vulnerable.

The Impact of Covid-19 Response Policies on Vulnerable Migrant Workers and Victims of Trafficking in Cambodia

June 2022

This study explored the ways in which the policy response to Covid-19 has been experienced by vulnerable migrant workers and people vulnerable to trafficking in persons. 
Workers in informal sectors have been particularly impacted by work stoppages, and migrant workers trapped abroad faced hardships and discrimination, with many making risky journeys back to Cambodia or losing their regular migrant status. Border closure policies meant that many people were not able to safely return to Cambodia or travel for their livelihoods.

Barriers and Opportunities for More Effective Identification of Victims of Human Trafficking

June 2022

Every year, countless people become victims of human trafficking. The number is countless because the vast majority of those cases go unidentified and unreported. As a result, victims remain invisible, go unsupported, continue to suffer abuses, and continue to face stigma and trauma even after finding their way out of trafficking. This lack of visibility also makes it difficult to really understand how trafficking works, which seriously hinders international counter trafficking efforts.

Policy Briefing – The Impact of Myanmar’s Response to Covid-19 on the Most Vulnerable

March 2022

The Covid-19 pandemic has caused significant disruption globally. Measures to stop the spread of the virus have been necessary, but their knock-on effects have disproportionately affected the most vulnerable. This briefing examines how this dynamic has played out in Myanmar and suggests how to better support these people. The coup in February 2021 caused discontinuity in Covid-19 policy, with disproportionate impact on the most vulnerable. As well as working towards a peaceful settlement, national and international stakeholders should prioritise supporting migrant workers and victims of trafficking.

Policy Briefing – Impact of Vietnam’s Covid-19 Response on Vulnerable Groups

March 2022

Vietnam is a major labour exporter and is in the top ten countries that receive international remittances. Examining the impact of the pandemic means taking into account the livelihoods and wellbeing of hundreds of thousands of overseas migrant workers. This briefing considers the impact of Vietnam’s policy response to the Covid-19 pandemic on such workers and supports adjustments in policy planning.

Comments Concerning the Ranking of Taiwan
by the United States Department of State in the 2022 Trafficking in Persons Report

April 2022

This report contains the comments of the Seafood Working Group (SWG) concerning Taiwan’s ranking in the United States Department of State’s 2022 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report. The TIP Report is a requirement of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA).

Impact Report 2019-21

December 2021
(Reporting period Sept’19 – Sept’21)

This report presents the Impact that HRC has created in the past two years – from officially being registered as a company in September 2019, to establishing a pool of more than 28 consultants from around 50 countries. The report also shows how HRC through its research projects has been able to influence key policy decisions that have directly impacted the victims and survivors of modern slavery.

The Invisible – The Fate of Female Survivors of Sex
Trafficking in Argentina Report on the Lack of a Comprehensive and Restorative Policy for Women Trafficked for Sexual Exploitation

December 2021

This report highlights the harsh reality experienced by women who have been victims and survivors of sex trafficking in Argentina. Argentina is a country of origin, transit, and destination for human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation. This painful reality means that they remain invisible, mainly to the Argentinian state, which has not yet managed to consolidate a policy of reparation for their rights that have been seriously violated.

Resilience and Reintegration: Our Stories and Trafficking Survivors

January 2022

This publication features eight stories of survivors of human trafficking from Cambodia and Bangladesh. The stories provide invaluable insights into how trafficking happens, how it is
experienced, how people encounter risks as they migrate for work, and what really matters when they try to reintegrate into society afterwards.

Delta 8.7 Markets Policy Guide

May 2021

This Policy Guide provides a highly credible and current articulation of what we know about the global and national policies needed to accelerate progress towards Target 8.7 in a format that is useful for policy actors. They provide a snapshot of “what works” to achieve Target 8.7. This Guide will help us understand “What actually works to end modern slavery in the context of markets?” and will help to highlight areas where evidence is strong and areas where it is lacking.

It is Not Humane to Clean Human Shit: Report on the Systematic Prevalence of Forced Labour in the Form of Manual Scavenging in India

May 2021

This report presents the developments concerned with manual scavenging in India in the past 20 years (2000-2020), understanding what became better and worse in terms of laws, stakeholder mapping, and media engagement. It envisions to keep the national and international community engaged in the issues of forced labour, calling for their concerted efforts to end manual scavenging in India.

The Marginalised — An Overview of the Migrant Domestic Workers in Taiwan

July 2021

This report sets out the big picture of the condition of migrant domestic workers (MDWs) in Taiwan by looking at the most relevant laws and policies, stakeholders, and initiatives that have shaped their lives in this country. This report is written with the objective of understanding the facts and statistics, the overall working environment of, and the stakeholders involved with the MDWs in Taiwan.

Survivors’ Perspectives on Successful Reintegration after Trafficking

December 2020

This in-depth research conducted in Bangladesh and Cambodia centres discussion about reintegration around survivors as agents in shaping their own lives, presenting evidence and opinions from survivors themselves about the most effective support systems and approaches to reintegration, rather than from the perspective of service providers.

Labor Abuse In Taiwan’s Seafood Industry & Local Advocacy For Reform

December 2020

This report identifies entry points for the Seafood Working Group to support local movements in Taiwan that are pushing for reform and to end forced labour in the fishing industry. It includes a profile of the industry and the workforce, a mapping of local labour movements and their demands, and practical guidelines to help international advocacy organisations engage.

Baseline Study: on the Awareness and Application of Human Rights in Taiwan’s Fishing Industry

October 2019

This report provides evidence focusing on poor human rights conditions in the coastal fishing industry in Taiwan. It discusses the problematic role of the recruitment agencies and the role of Taiwan’s Fisheries Agency when it comes to running the Overseas Employment Scheme beyond the normal labour protection law.

Comments Concerning the Ranking of Taiwan by the U.S. Department of State in the 2021 Trafficking in Persons Report

December 2020

This document contains the Seafood Working Group (SWG)’s comments concerning Taiwan’s ranking in the United States Department of State’s upcoming 2021 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report. Convened by Global Labor Justice-International Labor Rights Forum (GLJ-ILRF), the SWG is a global coalition of 26 labour, human rights, and environmental non-governmental organizations to hold governments and companies accountable and drive change.

Labour Disputes Reveal a Worrying Power Imbalance and Vulnerability of Migrant Fishermen in Taiwan’s Fishing Industry

December 2019

Highlighting the worrying power imbalance between migrant fishers, vessel owner, and the recruitment and manning agencies resulting in inappropriate arbitrary termination of the work contract by employer and the denial of workers’ rights for sick leave, the case study also highlights the need to align national policies and standards with international convention.

China’s Role in Preventing Modern Slavery in Myanmar’s Jade Mines

May 2021

The first of its kind, this report analyses how and why Chinese corporates and markets involved in jade mining could assert their influence and apply pressure to conflict groups to change and reduce modern slavery practice in Myanmar. With this report, Humanity Research Consultancy calls on China to adopt legislation and policies on supply chain due diligence.