Humanity Research Consultancy


What is Modern Slavery?


People in Modern Slavery


Of people are helped


Victims are in supply chains

1 IN 4

Victims are children

The top 5 products at risk of modern slavery imported into the G20 are electronics, garments, fish, cotton, and sugarcane.

In 2018, the 10 countries with the highest rates were North Korea, Eritrea, Burundi, The Central African Republic, Afghanistan, Mauritania, South Sudan, Pakistan, Cambodia, and Iran. However, due to the covert nature of modern slavery, estimates may vary, and it is suggested that there are high rates of uncovered slavery in the Arab Gulf region.

Modern Slavery Defined

Modern slavery is defined by the UK government as: “The recruitment, movement, harbouring or receiving of children, women or men through the use of force, coercion, abuse of vulnerability, deception or other means for the purpose of exploitation.” Exploitation includes, but is not limited to, sexual exploitation, forced or bonded labour, forced criminality, domestic servitude and the removal of organs.

Common Types

Descent Based Slavery

Individuals being born into slavery because their ancestors were slaves.

Child Marriage

Children are considered victims when there is no informed consent, or they are subject to abuse.

Human Trafficking

The movement of individuals through coercion, deception, force, fraud, or threat for the purpose of exploitation. This differs from smuggling, as smuggling requires informed consent.

Child Soldiers

Children either trafficked for the purpose of, or forced to work as, soldiers.

Forced Labour

All labour extracted from a person that is involuntary, and extracted via threat or use of force. There are 3 categories of forced labour: state-imposed forced labour, forced labour exploitation, and forced sexual exploitation.

Forced Marriage

Marriage is considered slavery when informed consent is not given, or when individuals are subjected to domestic, labour, or sexual exploitation.

Hazardous Child Labour

Occurs when a child’s labour is being exploited, a child is being forced to work, or when a child must work in hazardous conditions.

Organ Trafficking

Trafficking with the intent of harvesting and/or selling victims organs.

Domestic Servitude

Typically involves the exploitation of vulnerable, isolated migrants, and subjects victims to long hours for little to no pay. Fear of deportation and lack of

regulation often traps victims.

Debt Based Bondage Labour

A form of forced labour. Individuals must work to pay off a ‘debt’ they have incurred. However, debt bondage is set up to prevent individuals from leaving.

Sex Trafficking

Trafficking with the intent of forcing victims into sex work or sexual slavery.

The Goal

Ending modern slavery is on the global agenda. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals Target 8.7 is to: “Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms.”

International Standards

A list of key documents that will guide our work in accordance with the international standards, guidelines, and principles. These documents will not only guide our work that aims to end modern slavery, globally but also act as a guiding light for global uniformity to uphold the fundamental freedoms and human rights of all people around the world. All the documents mentioned below can be downloaded from this page, however, each of them is available in the public domain.

Modern Slavery Helpline Directory

Modern slavery helplines play a pivotal role in understanding and handling the risks of modern slavery because they can gather information from those who are seeing and experiencing exploitation first-hand. No matter where you are, if you know or think a person has been trafficked or forced to work against their will, there are helplines you can turn to for help. Here is a list of the organisations working to end modern slavery and human trafficking in countries all around the world, with their hotlines that you can call for assistance.

(The managing authorities for these helpline numbers are written inside the brackets). 

Please note: Phone numbers are subject to change. If any of the given numbers and hotlines do not work, we recommend you to contact the relevant local authorities for assistance